Technical Library: alpha loco 3

Thermal Residue Fingerprinting: A Revolutionary Approach to Develop a Selective Cleaning Solution

Technical Library | 2009-07-01 09:24:25.0

During the last 5 years, the processes to remove flux residues especially for lead-free and challenging geometries have demonstrated new cleaning obstacles which have to be overcome.i A new methodology has been recently developed to further increase the propensity for successful cleaning.ii At the core of this method is the thermal identification of the residue matrix. Thermal energy changes the physical state, i.e. transitions between liquid, solid and gas phases. By taking advantage of such specific information during phase transitions, the cleaning process can be tailored to such settings, which in turn increases the cleaning success significantly.

ZESTRON Americas

PCB Fabrication Processes and Their Effects on Fine Copper Barrel Cracks

Technical Library | 2015-12-23 16:57:27.0

The onset of copper barrel cracks is typically induced by the presence of manufacturing defects. In the absence of discernible manufacturing defects, the causes of copper barrel cracks in printed circuit board (PCB) plated through holes is not well understood. Accordingly, there is a need to determine what affects the onset of barrel cracks and then control those causes to mitigate their initiation.The objective of this research is to conduct a design of experiment (DOE) to determine if there is a relationship between PCB fabrication processes and the prevalence of fine barrel cracks. The test vehicle used will be a 16-layer epoxy-based PCB that has two different sized plated through holes as well as buried vias.

Raytheon

Divergence in Test Results Using IPC Standard SIR and Ionic Contamination Measurements

Technical Library | 2017-07-13 16:16:27.0

Controlled humidity and temperature controlled surface insulation resistance (SIR) measurements of flux covered test vehicles, subject to a direct current (D.C.) bias voltage are recognized by a number of global standards organizations as the preferred method to determine if no clean solder paste and wave soldering flux residues are suitable for reliable electronic assemblies. The IPC, Japanese Industry Standard (JIS), Deutsches Institut fur Normung (DIN) and International Electrical Commission (IEC) all have industry reviewed standards using similar variations of this measurement. (...) This study will compare the results from testing two solder pastes using the IPC-J-STD-004B, IPC TM-650 2.6.3.7 surface insulation resistance test, and IPC TM-650 2.3.25 in an attempt to investigate the correlation of ROSE methods as predictors of electronic assembly electrical reliability.

Alpha Assembly Solutions

Effect of Alloy and Flux System on High Reliability Automotive Applications

Technical Library | 2017-01-05 16:55:11.0

The July 2006 implementation of ROHS exempted automotive applications from converting to lead free technology. Nine years later, all major OEM and Tier 1 automotive manufacturers have converted or are in the process of converting to lead free circuit assembly processing. Starting with SAC (SnAgCu) alloys as a baseline for lead free soldering, in the last years several specific alloys were developed in order to improve resistance to high temperature creep, vibration survival and the ability to withstand thermal cycling and thermal shock.The paper compares three different solder alloys and two flux chemistries in terms of void formation and mechanical / thermal fatigue properties. Void content and reliability data of the alloys will be presented and discussed in relation to the acceptance criteria of a Tier 1 /OEM automotive supplier. As a result, a ranking list will be presented considering the combined performance of the alloys. In order to analyze the void formation and mechanical behavior of different solder alloys and flux chemistry combinations, statistical methods are used.

MacDermid Alpha Electronics Solutions

Effect Of Voids On Thermo-Mechanical Reliability of Solder Joints

Technical Library | 2019-10-16 23:18:15.0

Despite being a continuous subject of discussion, the existence of voids and their effect on solder joint reliability has always been controversial. In this work we revisit previous works on the various types of voids, their origins and their effect on thermo-mechanical properties of solder joints. We focus on macro voids, intermetallics micro voids, and shrinkage voids, which result from solder paste and alloy characteristics. We compare results from the literature to our own experimental data, and use fatigue-crack initiation and propagation theory to support our findings. Through a series of examples, we show that size and location of macro voids are not the primary factor affecting solder joint mechanical and thermal fatigue life. Indeed, we observe that when these voids area conforms to the IPC-A-610 (D or F) or IPC-7095A standards, macro voids do not have any significant effect on thermal cycling or drop shock performance.

Alpha Assembly Solutions

PCB Surface Finishes & Cost Effective Pb Free Assembly Materials

Technical Library | 2014-03-27 14:32:24.0

The surface finish you select will have a large influence on quality, reliability and cost. It is a complex decision that impacts many areas of the business. Select a finish that optimal for the business (and not just one function). Know that there are engineering tricks to improve on weak areas of each finish. Stay current in this field because new developments continue to be made.

Cookson Electronics

Implementing Lead Free Soldering - European Consortium Research

Technical Library | 2007-07-12 14:29:37.0

Over the last ten years, there have been a large number of publications describing work into lead free electronics soldering. They have come from all regions of the world and from academic organisations, individual companies and consortia. Although a number of these studies have culminated in "production trials", these have invariably been on a limited scale and they were essentially a demonstration, rather than the first step to implementation.

Multicore Solders

Cleanliness of Stencils and Cleaned Misprinted Circuit Boards

Technical Library | 2010-09-09 16:44:48.0

The effectiveness of cleaning stencils and misprinted/dirty printed circuit boards can be effectively monitored. This can be done by washing known clean circuit boards and then checking to see if they have stayed clean as a result of the washing process.

Research In Motion

Effect of BGA Reballing and its Influence on Ball Shear Strength

Technical Library | 2013-07-11 15:22:40.0

This research paper will focus on the effect of various parameters that are used to reball a BGA and their effect on the overall shear strength. Factors that will be looked at include the type of BGA (SAC305 or 63Sn/37Pb), the alloy used to reball (SAC405 or 63Sn/37Pb), the type of flux used (Water Soluble or No Clean), and the environment in which reballing takes place (Nitrogen or Ambient).

MARTIN (a Finetech company)

Overview of Quality and Reliability Issues in the National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors

Technical Library | 1999-08-05 10:27:43.0

This document is an update to the 1994 Quality and Reliability Roadmap issued in support of the 1994 National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors. This report revisits the challenges, constraints, priorities, and research needs pertaining to quality and reliability issues. It also provides key project proposals that must be implemented to address concerns about reliability attainment and defect learning. An expanded section on test-to-test, diagnostics, and failure analysis; an edited version of the Product Analysis Forum Roadmap; and an appendix containing a draft report highlighting reliability issues is included.

SEMATECH

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