Printed Circuit Board Assembly & PCB Design SMT Electronics Assembly Manufacturing Forum

Printed Circuit Board Assembly & PCB Design Forum

SMT electronics assembly manufacturing forum.

Graphene To Generate Terahertz Laser

Views: 2292


Graphene To Generate Terahertz Laser | 5 November, 2013

Graphene could make the illusive terahertz laser possible circuit board, according to a recent report from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg. Sources of terahertz radiation, such as that used by those security scanners that look underneath your clothing at airport security checkpoints circuit board, are expensive and bulky today, and no source exists for a terahertz laser. Now, Max Planck Institute claims to have demonstrated that graphene could be used to produce terahertz lasers, which could be useful in probing high-temperature superconductors. Graphene -- comprising atomically thin sheets of pure carbon circuit board -- is already being developed as the successor to silicon, after the end of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) circa 2023. However, graphene was thought to be unsuitable for lasers, since it does not have a bandgap. A bandgap was previously thought to be a necessary condition for population inversion in lasers, where most of a material's electrons are boosted from their ground state (valence band) across the circuit board bandgap to their exited state (conduction band) after which they decay back to the ground state, emitting an avalanche of photons in the process. Despite its lack of a bandgap, Max Planck circuit board researchers were nevertheless able to demonstrate population inversion in graphene at terahertz frequencies after exciting it with an infrared laser, resulting in short bursts that theoretically make it suitable for the stimulated emission of a pulsed terahertz laser. "We use a first laser pulse to excite electrons from the valence into the conduction band and use circuit board photoemission to probe how long the electrons stay in the conduction band before they decay back to their ground state in the valence band," Max Planck researcher Isabella Gierz told EE Times. The result was terahertz wavelength emissions about 100 femtoseconds in length, suitable for a fast pulsed laser. Many applications could benefit from a terahertz laser, including research into high-temperature superconductors, according to Gierz who performed the work with colleagues at the Central Laser Facility in Harwell, England, and the Max Planck Institute for Solid circuit board State Research in Stuttgart, Germany. "High-temperature superconductors professtional printed circuit board prototype manufacturer( -- but also other materials circuit board -- exhibit numerous excitations in the terahertz range," said Gierz. "Aside from fundamental research, terahertz light sources have numerous other applications."

reply »


Graphene To Generate Terahertz Laser | 6 November, 2013

How do you feel about plasma arc accumulators ?

reply »


Graphene To Generate Terahertz Laser | 6 November, 2013

I think the ray gun forum is on a diffrent site. -lol

This is WAY past me.

reply »

 Reflow System

pcb components X-ray inspection