Printed Circuit Board Assembly & PCB Design SMT Electronics Assembly Manufacturing Forum

Printed Circuit Board Assembly & PCB Design Forum

SMT electronics assembly manufacturing forum.

Home plate aperture holes



Home plate aperture holes | 13 July, 2001

One of our board vendors recently switched their stencil design to home plate apertures. Since the change the quality and yield of their PCB's has went south, Could this process change be the cause?

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Michael Parker


Home plate aperture holes | 13 July, 2001

Home plate apertures are designed to reduce or eliminate solder balls that occur when placing a chip and reflow of the solder. This aperture type is usually desired when processing with a "no-clean" solder paste. The design of the aperture is usually with a 30-50% reduction of paste below the chip end. Insufficient solder may occur. Look at the end caps of the chips, if there is at least 50% of the chip height soldered, then the aperture is probably not a cause of the failures.

Many other factors can come in to play to create the "gone south" syndrome. It could be coincidental with the stencil change. What paste is being used? Is the reflow profile validated for the components on board? How are the placements? Is there any ionic contamination? Are there a high fail rate of specific components? Have the PCB fab.'s been checked?

What about trying a limited run with the old stencils to see if the yield comes back up?

I could brain storm all day - what other details can you provide?

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Home plate aperture holes | 16 July, 2001

If your pad designs don't meet IPC recommendations, using home plate may have adversely affected the (possibly marginal) placement tolerances. This could also be caused by an incorrect home plate design, which IPC has also given recommendations for, or some wicked combination thereof.

Typically, you will see an increase in "tombstoned" chip caps and resistors and/or unsoldered/insufficient joints.

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