Solving the ENIG Black Pad Problem: An ITRI Report on Round 2

Published:

January 17, 2013

Author:

F.D.Bruce Houghton

Abstract:

A problem exists with electroless nickel / immersion gold (ENIG) surface finish on some pads, on some boards, that causes the solder joint to separate from the nickel surface, causing an open. The solder has wet and dissolved the gold. A weak tin to nickel intermetallic bond initially occurs, but the intermetallic bond cracks and separates when put under stress. Since the electroless nickel / immersion gold finish performs satisfactory in most applications, there had to be some area within the current chemistry process window that was satisfactory. The problem has been described as a 'BGA Black Pad Problem' or by HP as an 'Interfacial Fracture of BGA Packages…'[1]. A 24 variable experiment using three different chemistries was conducted during the ITRI (Interconnect Technology Research Institute) ENIG Project, Round 1, to investigate what process parameters of the chemical matrix were potentially satisfactory to use and which process parameters of the chemical matrix need to be avoided. The ITRI ENIG Project has completed Round 1 of testing and is now in the process of Round 2 TV (Test Vehicle) build....

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Company Information:

A multinational electronics manufacturing services (EMS) company.

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Manufacturer, Standards Setting / Certification, Training Provider

  • Phone +1 416-448-5800

See Company Website »

Company Postings:

(6) technical library articles

(6) news releases

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