Pad Cratering

Published:

May 8, 2020

Author:

ACI Technologies, Inc.

Abstract:

A customer contacted the Helpline to perform analysis on a lead-free assembly which exhibited intermittent functionality. The lead-free assembly exhibiting intermittent functionality when pressure was applied to the ball grid array (BGA) packages. Industrial adaptation of a Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) compliant solder standard has created a new host of failure modes observed in lead-free assemblies. Pad cratering occurs when fractures propagate along the epoxy resin layer on the underside of the BGA connecting pads. While originating from process, design, and end use conditions, it is the combination of a rigid lead-free solder with inflexible printed circuit board (PCB) laminates that has advanced the prevalence of this condition. Pad cratering is simply the result of mechanical stress exceeding material limitations....

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Company Information:

ACI Technologies, Inc.

ACI, an authorized IPC Training Center operating the National Electronics Manufacturing Center of Excellence providing analytical testing, manufacturing and repair services to the electronics industry.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Consultant, Design, IPC Standards Certification Center, Service Provider, Training Provider

  • Phone 610 362 1200
  • Fax 610 362 1290

ACI Technologies, Inc. website

Company Postings:

(24) products in the catalog

(125) upcoming training courses

(64) technical library articles

(3) news releases

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