A Printed Circuit Board (PCB) consists of circuit with electronic components mounted on surface. There are three main steps involved in manufacturing process, where the inspection of PCB is necessary to reduce the defects. First step is printing, second step is the components fabrication over the PCB surface and third is the components soldering.
In this paper Machine Vision PCB Inspection System is applied at the first step of manufacturing, i.e., the making of bare PCB. We first compare a standard PCB image with a PCB image to be inspected, using a simple subtraction algorithm that can detect the defected regions. Our focus is to detect defects on printed circuit boards. Typical defects that can be detected are over etchings (opens), under-etchings (shorts), holes etc.
SMTA - Surface Mount Technology Association is a non-profit international association of companies and individuals (totalling 4,000) involved in all aspects of advanced electronics assembly, surface mount and related technologies. Membership Info | SMTA Certification | Bookstore